Falsifiable Young Universe Theory
Speaking of Tipler, be sure not to miss his paper, "How to Construct a Falsifiable Theory in Which the Universe Came Into Being Several Thousand Years Age," PSA 1984, Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association (Vol. 2, pp. 873-902). Tipler is not a creationist, indeed, he writes, "I personally am an atheist" (p. 895), but he finds that "the political position taken by many opponents of the creationists offends my liberal instincts" (p. 874). Further, Tipler argues that federal judge William Overton made a serious error in his 1982 Arkansas decision, when Overton ruled that creation ex nihilo is "inherently religious;" Tipler writes: The problem with this is that..the standard big bang theory has the Universe coming into existence out of nothing, and cosmologists use the phrase "creation of the universe" to describe this phenomenon! Thus if we accepted Judge Overton's idea that creation out of nothing is inherently religious, it would be illegal to teach the big bang theory at state universities! I pointed out this amusing implication of Judge Overton's opinion to John Wheeler, who teaches big bang cosmology with great enthusiasm at the University of Texas, and he wrote to me that "he would be unable to obey the law" [i.e., Overton's decision]. (p. 894) This paper is fascinating, but beware: you'll need (at least) a Ph.D. for the astrophysics.